Depew Memorial Fountain
Depew Memorial Fountain is a freestanding fountain completed in 1919 and located in University Park in downtown Indianapolis, Indiana within the Indiana World War Memorial Plaza.
The fountain is composed of multiple bronze figures arranged on a five-tier Stony Creek pink granite base with three basins. The bronze sculptures depict fish, eight children dancing, and a woman on the topmost tier dancing and playing cymbals. The overall dimensions are approximately 25 x 45 x 45 feet (14 m).
A memorial plaque is located on south side of the large granite basin. It reads:
Depew Memorial Fountain. A gift to Indianapolis from Emma Ely Depew in memory of her husband Richard Johnson Depew M.D. whose long and honorable life was spent in untiring service to his fellow men.
University Park was redesigned in 1914 by George Edward Kessler for the park and boulevard system he had developed for the city of Indianapolis. Depew Fountain was an original component of the plan and was designed by the sculptor Karl Bitter in the same year.
The Depew Memorial Fountain was commissioned in memory of Dr. Richard J. Depew by his wife, Emma Ely, following Dr. Depew’s death in 1887. When Mrs. Depew died in 1913, she had bequeathed $50,000 from her estate to the city of Indianapolis for the erection of a fountain in memory of her husband “in some park or public place where all classes of people may enjoy it.”
An information plaque, located on the north side of the fountain, reads:
This fountain is the culmination of work by three noted figures in late-19th-century and early 20th-century public art. The original design was created by Karl Bitter, who was killed in a traffic accident in 1915 before the work could be realized. Following Bitter’s overall design, Alexander Stirling Calder created the bronze figures and the fountain. Henry Bacon, a well-known landscape architect, designed the fountain’s setting.
In 1926 young women from the Albertina Rasch ballet performed an interpretive dance around the fountain, mimicking the bronze sculptures thereon, to celebrate the 10th anniversary of the fountain.
Quoted from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depew_Memorial_Fountain
Eve is a sculpture of a nude female figure standing on a circular bronze base which measures 17” in diameter and 2” tall. She is standing with her proper left foot pointed forward and her proper right foot is perpendicular to the left, pointing right. Her arms are crossed behind her head and she is looking down and to her left. Her hairstyle is such that all of her forehead and both of her ears are visible. “Robert Davidson” is visible on the proper left side of the top of the base.
Eve was commissioned by the Indiana University Nurses Alumni Association in 1931, was cast in 1932 for its public debut in the Indiana Building of the Chicago World’s Fair in 1933, and appeared in exhibitions around Chicago and Indianapolis before being brought to the IUPUI campus in 1937 and installed in the middle of the fountain in the Sunken Garden behind the Ball Residence Hall for IUPUI’s student nurses. The students affectionately called her “Flo” (for Florence Nightingale) and had a tradition of dressing the sculpture in a pink uniform for the pinning (graduation) ceremonies that took place in the Sunken Garden until the 1960s; later generations of IUPUI students continued to dress her in various costumes. The entire Ball Gardens complex deteriorated from lack of maintenance starting in the 1980s. Eve was removed for safekeeping in 1997 and was temporarily reinstalled inside the HITS building. Ball Gardens is currently undergoing restoration and is set to reopen in summer 2016, at which point Eve will be restored to its original location as the fountain’s centerpiece.
Robert Davidson, the artist, was a student at the John Herron Art Institute (now the Herron School of Art, IUPUI) at the time Eve was commissioned. He was a native of Indianapolis and had attended Shortridge High School. Eve was sculpted while Davidson was studying in Germany and was cast in Munich in 1932 by Priessman, Bruer and Company.
Indiana Law Enforcement & Firefighters Memorial
Indiana Law Enforcement and Firefighters Memorial is a public artwork and memorial dedicated to law enforcement officers and firefighters from Indiana who lost their lives in the line of duty. Its design and construction was the collaborative effort of a broad range of professionals, including architects, landscapers, engineers, and construction experts. The memorial is located next to the Indiana Government Center North, on the corner of Government Way and Senate Ave. in the heart of downtown Indianapolis, Indiana, USA. The memorial was dedicated on June 6, 2001 after ten months of planning and construction. The dedication was held three days before the 2001 opening of the World Police and Fire Games that were held in Indianapolis.
A sign marks the pathway to the memorial which is in a park-like setting, with many trees and benches. A fountain which is in the shape of the Indiana state flag is featured in the center of the memorial. Large pylons support bronze medallions, each weighing approximately 500 lbs.
The proper right side of the memorial area is designated to honor law enforcement officers killed in the line of duty. The bronze medallion atop the Indiana limestone pylon displays a uniformed police officer standing next to Saint Michael Archangel, patron of police. In the center of each of the two pylons are laminated books where visitors can search for the names of individuals who are memorialized on the monument, and directions for locating the name. Behind the pylon stands eleven groups of three gray granite panels (thirty-three panels total) with the names of Indiana police officers who have died in the line of duty etched into the granite.
To the proper left is the area designated to honor firefighters who were killed in the line of duty. A bronze medallion depicting the Firefighter shield sits atop the pylon to the proper left. Behind the pylon stands eleven groups of three gray granite panels (thirty-three panels total) with the names of Indiana firefighters who have died in the line of duty etched into the granite. The law enforcement and firefighter panels mirror one another and create a semicircle.
This memorial is a series of pieces, constructed from gray granite, Indiana limestone, and bronze. The only easily identifiable inscriptions are part of the memorial itself, including the names of the deceased that are etched into the granite, as well as words of dedication on the pylons. There are no visible artist or foundry marks.
The memorial was built just 16″ above a pedestrian tunnel, so extra care was taken during the construction to provide for proper weight distribution, stability, and drainage.
Under the direction of the State of Indiana and the Indiana Firefighters Memorial Committee, the planning, design, and construction for the Indiana Law Enforcement and Fire Fighters Memorial commenced in August 2000. The work was completed and unveiled on June 6, 2001, just three days prior to the opening ceremonies of the World Police and Fire Games that were being held in Indianapolis that year.
The price for the construction of the memorial was approximately $1 million.
In 2002, Glenroy Construction was awarded the BKD Governor’s Award for their work on the memorial. This award is granted for exceeding the award criteria and for a structure that provides a positive impact on the community.
The design and construction of the Indiana Law Enforcement and Firefighters Memorial was a collaborative effort. Indiana based company Glenroy Construction Company, Ken Boyce of Ratio Architects, Patrick Brunner, Architect and Bonnie Sheridan Coghlan, Architect, and Indianapolis based Becker Landscape participated in the design and construction of the memorial.
Quoted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indiana_Law_Enforcement_and_Firefighters_Memorial
Jammin' on the Avenue
This sculpture, set in a fountain pool, is a columnar assemblage representing musical instruments, primarily tubas, saxophones, trumpets, trombones and sousaphones. Each element is cast in bronze and they are welded together.
The sculpture was commissioned by the Sexton Companies, a residential property developer and management company in Indianapolis. Sexton manages Lockefield Gardens, the apartment community immediately adjacent to the sculpture. The current Lockefield Gardens development incorporates the remaining structures of the first public housing project in Indianapolis, built in 1938. Originally racially segregated, the low-scale project was unique among public housing at the time for its attention to “quality of life” amenities within the development such as a community center, a central open space, playgrounds, a shopping strip, and building designs that maximized light and fresh air. Its location along Indiana Avenue, known as “Black Main Street,” ensured complete integration into the daily life of the neighborhood, including its many jazz clubs, shopping, personal services, and the imposing Madame Walker building. No doubt it is this history that Sexton wished to honor and celebrate.
The sculpture’s artist, John Spaulding (1942-2004), was born in Lockefield Gardens. He was a self-taught welder and sculptor who became internationally renowned for his works that focused on the Black experience in America. Jazz music was a favored subject, not only because he grew up on Indiana Avenue with its wealth of jazz clubs, but also because his brother, James Spaulding Jr., was a professional jazz musician.
For more information: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jammin%27_on_the_Avenue
Lady Spray Fountain
This fountain is the fourth to have existed at the intersection of Virginia Avenue, Prospect Street, and Shelby Street. The first was a classical design with drinking places for horses and humans, surmounted by a cast iron statue of a seminude figure of the goddess Hebe, nicknamed “Lady Spray.” It was erected in 1889 and paid for by Fountain Square business owners. The second fountain was commissioned in the early 1920s, and was dedicated in 1924 as a memorial to former Indiana Congressman Ralph Hill. The bronze sculpture – titled “Pioneer Family” – that topped the fountain was created by Myra Reynolds Richards. Richards was a nationally recognized artist, and at the time of the commission, was an instructor at the John Heron Art Institute in Indianapolis. The sculpture was moved to Garfield Park in 1954; public pressure secured its return in 1969. The third pedestal, base, and fountain were installed in the 1980s. The current fountain was installed in 2009 and dedicated in 2010. The cast iron fountain is taken from molds made from a historic fountain in Watertown, NY, and is topped by another version of Hebe. “Lady Spray” has returned to Fountain Square!
This bronze figure of the Greek goddess Persephone stands on a raised platform in the center of an octagonal pool. Her right hand is elevated, holding a torch. The figure is draped from the waist down and has a draped headdress flowing down the back of the sculpture. A plaque on the front of the statue reads: “In Ancient Greek Mythology, She, as the daughter of Zeus, and Demeter, was worshipped as the goddess of vegetation. Returning each spring from the realm of Hades to herald the season of growth and in winter disappearing to pass her time like the seed under the earth.”
The torch in the figure’s hand indicates that she is on her way up from the dark underworld to the light of the world, and indicates a forthcoming season of spring and hope. The symbolism is common to that of the Eleusinian Mysteries, a cult of Demeter and Persephone that was a highly secretive religious ritual often enacted by women, possibly as a coming-of-age rite for young girls or an exploration of the concept of eternal life. The figure also holds a set of ropes with bells on the end, which could refer to another element of the ritual.
Another plaque nearby states that the pond is called Persephone Pond and was restored in 2014 as a gift from the class of 2012 and Butler University.
The sculpture was executed in Paris about 1840 by the French artist Armand Toussaint (1806 – 1862). It was a gift of James Irving Holcomb in 1850.
Created to top a fountain in 1924 as a memorial to former Indiana Congressman Ralph Hill (1827-1899), Pioneer Family has had an interesting history.
Pioneer Family was included as the topper of the second fountain to be installed at the corner of Virginia Avenue, Prospect Street, and Shelby Street, marking the center of the Fountain Square neighborhood. The first fountain, incorporating the Lady Spray sculpture and known as the “Subscription Fountain” because the local merchants had chipped in to fund it, had stood at the location from 1889-1919. With the popularity of automobiles, both the fountain and Pioneer Family were deemed a traffic hazard and removed: the sculpture was moved to Garfield Park in 1954. Public pressure secured the return of the sculpture in 1969. The third pedestal, base, and fountain were installed in 1979, after more than ten years of petitioning from a determined community organization, and the sculpture was re-dedicated, with a new fountain basin, in its original location. However, historic preservation advocates preferred to reconstruct the fountain with its original sculpture of Lady Spray. This was accomplished in 2010, and Pioneer Family was removed to storage. After the installation of the Indianapolis Cultural Trail was completed in 2014, Pioneer Family was restored to the fountain site, where it now sits closer to ground level for all to enjoy.
The sculpture’s artist is Myra Reynolds Richards (1882-1934). Richards was a nationally recognized artist, a graduate of the John Herron Art Institute in Indianapolis, and at the time of the commission was an instructor at Herron. She is known for her bronze work, including the full-scale portrait of James Whitcomb Riley now in the Hancock County courthouse, and the smaller sculptures Pan and Syrinx elsewhere in Indianapolis.
Soldiers and Sailors Monument
The Indiana Soldiers and Sailors Monument is a neoclassical monument built on Monument Circle, a circular, brick-paved street that intersects Meridian and Market streets in the center of downtown Indianapolis, Indiana. In the years since its public dedication on May 15, 1902, the monument has become an iconic symbol of Indianapolis. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places on February 13, 1973 and was included in an expansion of the Indiana World War Memorial Plaza National Historic Landmark District in December 2016. It is located in the Washington Street-Monument Circle Historic District. It is also the largest outdoor memorial in Indiana.
The monument was designed by German architect Bruno Schmitz and built over a 13-year period, between 1888 and 1901. The monument’s original purpose was to honor Hoosiers who were veterans of the American Civil War; however, it is also a tribute to Indiana’s soldiers and sailors who served during the American Revolutionary War, territorial conflicts that partially led to the War of 1812, the Mexican–American War, and the Spanish–American War. The monument is the first in the United States to be dedicated to the common soldier.
The monument includes several notable figurative sculptures, including Rudolph Schwarz’s two massive limestone groupings representing War and Peace, two smaller scenes named The Dying Soldier and The Return Home, and four military figures at its base representing the artillery, cavalry, infantry, and navy. Three bronze astragals, one by Nikolaus (Nicolaus) Geiger and two others by George T. Brewster, surround the stone obelisk. Additional sculptures in the plaza include John H. Mahoney’s three bronze statues of former Indiana governors George Rogers Clark, William Henry Harrison, and James Whitcomb, as well as Franklin Simmons’s bronze statue of former Indiana governor Oliver P. Morton, which had occupied the site before the monument was built. Brewster’s 30-foot (9.1 m) bronze statue of Victory (also known as Liberty) crowns the obelisk. The Indianapolis monument is approximately 15 feet (4.6 m) shorter than New York City’s 305-foot (93 m) Statue of Liberty.
Most of the monument is built from Indiana limestone. There is an observation deck on the top of the central obelisk accessible via an elevator, and at the base of the obelisk is the Col. Eli Lilly Civil War Museum.
In 1916, at the centennial celebration of Indiana statehood, John and Evaline Holliday donated their 80-acre country estate along what is now Spring Mill Road to the City of Indianapolis for a park. It was the Hollidays’ intent that the land be used for recreation and the study of nature, and the grounds as a public park and playground.
Meanwhile, New York’s first skyscraper, the St. Paul Building, had been built in 1898. One of the outstanding architectural sculptors of the day, Karl Bitter, designed the façade of this building to include three massive statues made of Indiana limestone. The statues, called “The Races of Man,” represented the African-American, Asian and Caucasian races laboring together as they appeared to hold the skyscraper on their backs. In the 1950s the St. Paul Building owners decided to build a modern skyscraper on the site and before they demolished the old building, they held a competition among cities for a plan to display and preserve the Bitter sculptures. Indianapolis offered to place them in Holliday Park, which by then had become an arboretum, and was awarded the gift in 1958.
The design for a Romantic-style constructed ruin had been submitted by Indianapolis artist Elmer Taflinger, a painter, and proposed to reproduce the façade of the building’s entry including original facing stone, doorways and the ledge that upheld the figures. The statues were placed east of the new community center that was under construction at the time. A reflecting pool was located between the building and the statues and two geysers of water rose from it. Taflinger worked to complete the project over the next twenty years as funding became available.
As older Indianapolis buildings were demolished and pieces worthy of salvaging became available, Taflinger incorporated them into the ever-evolving Ruins design. He included a horse trough formerly located at the base of an historic monument on Fountain Square, twenty-six Greek columns from the Sisters of Good Shepherd Convent, and four of the eight statues that stood for many years above the Marion County Courthouse until it was demolished in 1962. He also included two capitals from columns originally located at Broadway Christian Church and a stone table once part of an altar at St Paul’s Church.
The Ruins were eventually dedicated in October 1973, but as the 1976 Bicentennial celebration approached, Taflinger proposed an expansion of his design to convert it into a symbolic panorama of American history. His concept, Constitution Mall, symbolizes the American Republic in which men and women of all races are united in working for freedom and justice. The elaborate plan added a large reflecting pool at the east side of the original statues, extensive landscaping with long lines of English hornbeams, one for each state of the Union, and groups of evergreens representing the thirteen original colonies. A single columnar oak represented Washington, D.C. and the Washington monument. Giant slabs of rough Indiana limestone were inscribed with the words of the preamble to the Constitution. Constitution Mall was finally rededicated in September 1977.
Over the years the landscaping grew and overgrew the site, and the structure fell into disrepair. In 1994 the Friends of Holliday Park spoke about dismantling the installation due to safety considerations and their desire to refocus the park on nature programming, but the community outcry to keep them outweighed their decision and small improvements were made instead. The row of boxwoods had not thrived in the Indiana winters and in 2005 were replaced by basswood trees. Several of the statues of the goddesses were damaged and unstable and had to be removed. The reflecting pools developed leaks and were no longer filled with water. After the nature center was opened in 2004, the old community center was torn down and the view of the ruins was much improved; however, the entire site remained fenced in due to areas of structural instability.
Renovations completed in fall 2016 returned The Ruins to an appearance much as Taflinger intended, and added more interactive, family-friendly elements such as a shimmer pool.
For more information, visit http://www.hollidaypark.org/resources/Ruins.pdf, http://www.atlasobscura.com/places/the-ruins, and https://paulmullins.wordpress.com/2013/12/04/renovating-ruins-ruination-consumption-and-art/
John Terrell Vawter (born January 15, 1830) was a businessman-banker from Franklin, Johnson County, Indiana. He donated the Civil War memorial monument, known as the Vawter Memorial, which features a sculpture by Rudolph Schwarz. The monument is located on the north lawn of the Johnson County Courthouse square in Franklin, Indiana.
The memorial features a sculpture of a standing male Union soldier, high atop a pedestal. He holds a rifle in his proper right hand and his proper left hand is shading his eyes as he looks into the distance. Weaponry includes a revolver on the proper right hip, a sword on the proper left hip, and a cartridge box on the belt. On the front of the pedestal in relief is a bronze eagle and a portrait of John T. Vawter, and on the rear is a flag. All four sides have bronze lions’ heads, which issue water into a semi-circular fountain basin.
Rudolf Schwarz (June 1866 – 14 April 1912) was an Austrian-born American sculptor. Schwarz emigrated to Indianapolis in December of 1897 to help complete the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Monument, which was designed by German architect Bruno Schmitz. He lived a simple life, almost secluded, and was not well known by the public. For the last seven years of his life, however, Schwarz created and directed a class in sculpture at the John Herron Art School, now Herron School of Art and Design. Schwarz is known from at least 30 sculptural works throughout the state of Indiana, many of which are war memorials.
Veterans Memorial Obelisk
Veteran’s Memorial Plaza, once known as Obelisk Square, is located immediately north of the Indiana War Memorial. The Obelisk and Fountain rise from the center of the plaza, while flagpoles bearing the flags of each of the 50 United States stand on the east and west sides. Completed in 1930, the park was originally a broad concrete square, but was converted into a landscaped park with trees in 1976 as part of the celebration of America’s Bicentennial. In 2004, the park was again reconfigured to return the ‘line of sight’ aspect of the original architects’ plan. Large ordinance pieces, including tanks and eight World War I German cannons, originally sat at the outside corners of the plaza. During World War II, six of the cannons were melted down for scrap metal. The remaining cannons were moved to new locations when the plaza was converted into a park in the mid-1970s.
Centrally located in the plaza are the Obelisk and Fountain. The Obelisk is a 100-foot shaft of black Berwick granite, ornamented at its base with four bronze bas-relief tablets, each four by eight feet. The Obelisk represents “the hopes and aspirations of the nation, a symbol of the power of nature to reproduce and continue the life of the country.” The tablets represent the four fundamentals on which the nation’s hopes are founded: Law, Science, Religion, and Education. They were set into place in the fall of 1929 under the supervision of Henry Hering, the primary sculptor of the plaza. The pinnacle of the Obelisk is covered with gold leaf. The fountain is 100 feet in diameter and made from pink Georgia marble and terrazzo.
Henry Hering (1874-1949) was a New York-based architectural sculptor well known for his allegorical figures in traditional Beaux Arts and Art Deco style. His work can be found in most major U.S. cities.
Wood Plaza Fountain
The Wood Fountain is an outdoor public architectural sitework on Indiana University-Purdue University’s campus. The campus is located in Indianapolis, Indiana. The Wood Fountain is commissioned by IUPUI (Indianapolis University – Purdue University) and completed in 1995. Singh Associates in New York City designed the sculpture, while Tom Fansler III manages the fountain. The purpose of this artwork, according to the Smock Fansler website, was to provide “better places to live,” and bring “spaces between buildings and the elements that tie them together…”
The sitework used stone to mimic a pyramid in the shape of a diamond. It sits on IUPUI’s campus along New York St with the pathways surrounding made out of brick. According to the IUPUI’s website, the artwork “is 100 feet long on each of its four sides.” There are four levels to the piece with nine slight indentations along each siding. In addition, there are triangles that have been sculpted in to the stone so that water will come down to the base. On the proper front, there is a bronze memorial plaque at the bottom. It reads:
THE WOOD PLAZA DEDICATED JUNE 26, 1995 THIS PLAZA WAS NAMED IN GRATEFUL RECOGNITION OF THE SUPPORT OF BILLIE LOU & RICHARD D. WOOD
The Wood Fountain is located at The Wood Plaza, which is a place on IUPUI’s campus where social events such as the Indy Jazzfest and Explore IUPUI are held. The Wood Plaza was named after an Eli Lilly chief executor, Robert D. Wood and his wife Billie Lou Wood. According to IUPUI’s Jaguar Spirit online source, “the Wood Plaza was designed on the same axis of University Library and intended to complement the library architecturally.” In a newsletter from IUPUI’s Chancellor in December 1996, an award was given from the “local chapter of the American Institute of Architects…with an Achievement award for their design, construction and enhancement of the physical and visual environments of Marion County.” The importance of this recognition gives insight into how valuable the Wood Plaza is, not only to the IUPUI Campus, but to the community.
Quoted from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wood_Fountain_at_IUPUI
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